Object required vba что значит
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Object required vba что значит

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VBA Object Required

By Madhuri ThakurMadhuri Thakur

VBA Object Required

Object Required in Excel VBA

Object required is an error which is caused at run time when we have defined any variable which is not an object but we try to assign some values using a SET statement. This error is a run time error that arises for various reasons. Though this error has its own causes there are also solutions for this error. Every method requires an object qualifier and these objects are assigned by using the SET statement. For example, if we have defined any variable which is not an object but we try to assign some values using a SET statement this will cause the error at run time which is object required error. There are also some instances when we do everything right have correct object qualifiers and valid object but we try to assign values to a read-only property then also we will encounter this error.

How to Handle VBA Object Required?

Out of the numerous reasons we saw for the cause of Object Required Error, there are ways in which we can handle this error.

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  1. For the spell mistakes for the variables or the functions in the code, we can use Option Explicit statement to not encounter this error.
  2. We can check whether the object we are referring to it exists or not.
  3. Also, we need to ensure whether we have defined or declared our variables correctly or not.
Example #1

Let us begin with the first example where this type of error might occur and it is when we misspell a function’s name. For this, follow the below steps:

Step 1: Insert a new module inside Visual Basic Editor (VBE). Click on Insert tab > select Module.

Insert Module

Step 2: Now we can declare our subprocedure.


VBA Object Required Example 1-2

Step 3: Look at the code below what we have in the first example.


VBA Object Required Example 1-3

Step 4: The application function has an extra character 3 with it and we run the above code we will encounter the following error.

VBA Object Required Example 1-4

Example #2

Now let us discuss an example where we will use to set an object where an object is not defined instead. In other words, we will treat a non-object feature as an object. For this, follow the below steps:

Step 1: We will start with another subprocedure.


VBA Object Required Example 2-1

Step 2: Let us declare a variable for the path or a location to save as a string data type.


VBA Object Required Example 2-2

Step 3: Let us use the Set statement to set a path to this variable.


Set Path Example 2-3

Step 4: For this example’s sake let us use Msgbox function to see what the final result will be.


Msgbox function Example 2-4

Step 5: When we execute the above code we will get the following result.

VBA Object Required Example 2-5

We received this error because we used SET statement to a string variable and VBA treated this variable as an object with the SET statement.

Example #3

Sometimes we encounter this error when we don’t use SET statement when we assign an object reference. Let us go through this example and see how it may occur. For this, follow the below steps:

Step 1: In the same module let us start with the procedure for example 3.


VBA Object Required Example 3-1

Step 2: Declare any variable as a variant.


VBA Object Required Example 3-2

Step 3: Let us create an object using the Create Object statement.


Object statement Example 3-3

Step 4: Now we have assigned the object reference but instead of using the SET statement.


SET statement Example 3-4

Step 5: Once we execute the code above.

VBA Object Required Example 3-5

Example #4

Now there another chance when we encounter this error and that is when we try to assign values to a read-only property. Our object reference may be correct in this case but we will still encounter an error. Let us go through another example of how this might happen. For this, follow the below steps:

Step 1: In the same module let us begin.


VBA Object Required Example 4-1

Step 2: Below is the sample code for using a string variable with an undefined variable.


String Variable Example 4-2

Step 3: When we execute the code above we will see the following error.

VBA Object Required Example 2-5

We received this error because we tried to assign values to read-only properties. Let me explain the code first we started a loop from where we are assigning object references but we are using the read-only properties.

Explanation of VBA Object Required:

From the above examples, it is very clear to us that Object Required is a run time error in VBA which we encounter while making some very small mistakes to some huge mistakes in VBA. Error handling this error can be tricky, as some mistakes are hard to identify. But there are some preventive methods such as using the option explicit statement or using the SET statement to assign objects only.

Things to Remember

There are few things which we need to remember about VBA Object Required and they are as follows:


  1. Object Required is a type of run time error in VBA.
  2. This error has an error code as 424.
  3. Spelling mistakes for variables and functions can also be a cause of Object Required Error.
  4. When some variable is not defined as an object but it is used as an object we may encounter Object Required error.

Recommended Articles

This is a guide to the VBA Object Required. Here we discuss how to handle Object Required in Excel VBA along with practical examples and downloadable excel template. You can also go through our other suggested articles –

Runtime Error 424 “Object Required” Error Fix Tutorial for Windows 7/8/10

The error is caused by Excel not having access to a data “object” referenced in the code. This may be a variable, class or library reference…

The “Runtime Error 424 (Object Required)” error is caused by Excel being unable to access to an “object” referenced in your VBA code:

The error is caused by a function being called on a reference you’ve either misspelled, or have not declared.

The solution is to ensure you have all the appropriate references declared within your code. The simplest ways to fix the problem is as follows:

  • Locate the offending line of code (if not highlighted, use debug mode)
  • Identify whether you’ve referenced any objects which aren’t declared
  • Look for any of the functions which may be causing an error and identify they are called correctly (with the correct syntax)
  • Remove as much code as possible in order to get the application working again, and then add back the lines one-by-one (this isolates the error and allows yo to fix any of the issues it may have)

➡️ Explanation

You need to understand that all computer programs are long lines of code.

These lines contain instructions which the computer will process,
performing functions that will interact with a variety of different objects within the system.

Whenever you use the likes of VBA, you need to appreciate that in order for the computer to process the various functions you’re calling in your script, anything referenced by the script has to be loaded prior to it being read.

The problem you have is that you’re trying to call an object, which has either not been referenced properly, or is not loaded into the system. The result is your application will fail, and you’ll be presented with a multitude of potential errors.

�� Overview

“VBA” (Visual Basic for Applications) is used to create event-based functionality (using the “Visual Basic” language) inside the likes of Excel, Word, Powerpoint and other software.

Introduced in 1993, VBA forms a core part of Microsoft’s “Office” suite → enabling people to add programmatic functionality to their documents, spreadsheets and presentations…

Whilst effective, because it is (at its core) a programming environment, it’s easy to succumb to problems if you’re not experienced.

This lies at the core of what causes the Runtime 424 (Object Required) error → people referencing “objects” which don’t exist or are not loaded by Excel.

��️ ️Cause

“Runtime” errors are a common problem for many desktop applications; purveyors of Windows (pre-10) will be very familiar with them…

Runtime errors have been a problem for a long time

Whilst these errors show for many reasons, they have the same cause → something in a software’s source code prevented it from running

To appreciate why this is a problem, you must understand that all computer programs are essentially a “list” of commands which are held in memory by the computer…

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    (shows the user a series of inputs) (stores the “business logic” for the application) (storing all of the functions, methods, variables and data required to keep the application running).

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Whereas there are many reasons why this process may fail, one of the most common (and why “Runtime” errors exist) is that the functions inside these commands may reference a script or object that doesn’t exist…

This causes the application to “fail”, and Windows (or whichever OS you’re running) will have to show an error, describing what went wrong.

In terms of your VBA environment, the problem is due to a reference you made to a Worksheet, object, variable or file, which Excel has not loaded.

This is relatively simple to resolve, but requires understanding.

�� Solution

The core solution to “Runtime Error 424” is to locate any references you have in your VBA code which are not present within Excel…

The simplest way to do this is to comb through each line of code and
remove any issues which may be in there.

There is an easy way to do this, and it works very well to fix the majority of Runtime 424 errors in VBA:

  1. The first — and most effective — solution is to manually comb through the code. This involves removing blocks of code in order to try and get it running, adding the system. This helps you identify the offending line, allowing for more specific inspection.
  2. The second — and more methodical — method is to use the “Code Stepping” feature of VBA. This can be done using F8 within the VBA development environment…

1️⃣ Code Combing

The first step is to comb through your application’s code.

Doing this is simple. You need to remove any of the code which may be causing a problem, and gradually add it back again.

2️⃣ Debug

The second method is to let VBA “walk” through your code, removing any element which may be causing issues.

To do this, we can utilize the “code stepping” feature, which allows us to visualize how each line of code is running:

In order to do this, you need to ensure you’re in the VBA editor.

This is done by clicking on the “Visual Basic” button inside Excel:

To get to this, you need to click on File → Options → Customize Ribbon, and ensure that “Developer” is checked.

This will create the “Developer” tab at the top of the screen, and allow you to click onto the likes of “Visual Basic” and other buttons as a result.

Once you click on this button, you’ll be presented with a

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Excel VBA Run Time Error '424' object required

I am totally new in VBA and coding in general, am trying to get data from cells from the same workbook (get framework path . ) and then to start application (QTP) and run tests.

I am getting this error when trying to get values entered in excel cells:

I believe I am missing some basic rules but I appreciate your help. Please see below the part of code in question:

Automate This's user avatar

4 Answers 4

The first code line, Option Explicit means (in simple terms) that all of your variables have to be explicitly declared by Dim statements. They can be any type, including object, integer, string, or even a variant.

This line: Dim envFrmwrkPath As Range is declaring the variable envFrmwrkPath of type Range . This means that you can only set it to a range.

This line: Set envFrmwrkPath = ActiveSheet.Range(«D6»).Value is attempting to set the Range type variable to a specific Value that is in cell D6 . This could be a integer or a string for example (depends on what you have in that cell) but it’s not a range.

I’m assuming you want the value stored in a variable. Try something like this:

This assumes you have a number (like 5) in cell D6. Now your variable will have the value.

For simplicity sake of learning, you can remove or comment out the Option Explicit line and VBA will try to determine the type of variables at run time.

Name already in use

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Object required (Error 424)

References to properties and methods often require an explicit object qualifier. This error has the following causes and solutions:

You referred to an object property or method, but didn’t provide a valid object qualifier. Specify an object qualifier if you didn’t provide one. For example, although you can omit an object qualifier when referencing a form property from within the form’s own module, you must explicitly specify the qualifier when referencing the property from a standard module.

You supplied an object qualifier, but it isn’t recognized as an object. Check the spelling of the object qualifier and make sure the object is visible in the part of the program in which you are referencing it. In the case of Collection objects, check any occurrences of the Add method to be sure the syntax and spelling of all the elements are correct.

You supplied a valid object qualifier, but some other portion of the call contained an error. An incorrect path as an argument to a host application’s File Open command could cause the error. Check arguments.

You didn’t use the Set statement in assigning an object reference. If you assign the return value of a CreateObject call to a Variant variable, an error doesn’t necessarily occur if the Set statement is omitted. In the following code example, an implicit instance of Microsoft Excel is created, and its default property (the string «Microsoft Excel») is returned and assigned to the Variant RetVal . A subsequent attempt to use RetVal as an object reference causes this error:

Use the Set statement when assigning an object reference.

In rare cases, this error occurs when you have a valid object but are attempting to perform an invalid action on the object. For example, you may receive this error if you try to assign a value to a read-only property. Check the object’s documentation and make sure the action you are trying to perform is valid.

For additional information, select the item in question and press F1 (in Windows) or HELP (on the Macintosh).


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