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Building curl with Visual C++
This document describes how to compile, build and install curl and libcurl from sources using the Visual C++ build tool. To build with VC++, you will of course have to first install VC++. The minimum required version of VC is 6 (part of Visual Studio 6). However using a more recent version is strongly recommended.
VC++ is also part of the Windows Platform SDK. You do not have to install the full Visual Studio or Visual C++ if all you want is to build curl.
The latest Platform SDK can be downloaded freely from Windows SDK and emulator archive
If you wish to support zlib, OpenSSL, c-ares, ssh2, you will have to download them separately and copy them to the deps directory as shown below:
It is also possible to create the deps directory in some other random places and tell the Makefile its location using the WITH_DEVEL option.
Building straight from git
When you check out code git and build it, as opposed from a released source code archive, you need to first run the buildconf.bat batch file (present in the source code root directory) to set things up.
Open a command prompt
Open a Visual Studio Command prompt:
Using the ‘Developer Command Prompt for VS [version]’ menu entry: where [version> is the Visual Studio version. The developer prompt at default uses the x86 mode. It is required to call Vcvarsall.bat to setup the prompt for the machine type you want. This type of command prompt may not exist in all Visual Studio versions.
Using the ‘VS [version] [platform] [type] Command Prompt’ menu entry: where [version] is the Visual Studio version, [platform] is e.g. x64 and [type] Native of Cross platform build. This type of command prompt may not exist in all Visual Studio versions.
Build in the console
Once you are in the console, go to the winbuild directory in the Curl sources:
Then you can call nmake /f Makefile.vc with the desired options (see below). The builds will be in the top src directory, builds\ directory, in a directory named using the options given to the nmake call.
where <options> is one or many of:
- VC=<num> — VC version. 6 or later.
- WITH_DEVEL=<path> — Paths for the development files (SSL, zlib, etc.) Defaults to sibling directory: ../deps
- WITH_SSL=<dll/static> — Enable OpenSSL support, DLL or static
- WITH_NGHTTP2=<dll/static> — Enable HTTP/2 support, DLL or static
- WITH_MSH3=<dll/static> — Enable (experimental) HTTP/3 support, DLL or static
- WITH_MBEDTLS=<dll/static> — Enable mbedTLS support, DLL or static
- WITH_CARES=<dll/static> — Enable c-ares support, DLL or static
- WITH_ZLIB=<dll/static> — Enable zlib support, DLL or static
- WITH_SSH=<dll/static> — Enable libSSH support, DLL or static
- WITH_SSH2=<dll/static> — Enable libSSH2 support, DLL or static
- WITH_PREFIX=<dir> — Where to install the build
- ENABLE_SSPI=<yes/no> — Enable SSPI support, defaults to yes
- ENABLE_IPV6=<yes/no> — Enable IPv6, defaults to yes
- ENABLE_IDN=<yes or no> — Enable use of Windows IDN APIs, defaults to yes Requires Windows Vista or later
- ENABLE_SCHANNEL=<yes/no> — Enable native Windows SSL support, defaults to yes if SSPI and no other SSL library
- ENABLE_OPENSSL_AUTO_LOAD_CONFIG=<yes/no> — Enable loading OpenSSL configuration automatically, defaults to yes
- ENABLE_UNICODE=<yes/no> — Enable UNICODE support, defaults to no
- GEN_PDB=<yes/no> — Generate External Program Database (debug symbols for release build)
- DEBUG=<yes/no> — Debug builds
- MACHINE=<x86/x64/arm64> — Target architecture (default is x86)
- CARES_PATH=<path> — Custom path for c-ares
- MBEDTLS_PATH=<path> — Custom path for mbedTLS
- NGHTTP2_PATH=<path> — Custom path for nghttp2
- MSH3_PATH=<path> — Custom path for msh3
- SSH2_PATH=<path> — Custom path for libSSH2
- SSL_PATH=<path> — Custom path for OpenSSL
- ZLIB_PATH=<path> — Custom path for zlib
Static linking of Microsoft’s C runtime (CRT):
If you are using mode=static nmake will create and link to the static build of libcurl but not the static CRT. If you must you can force nmake to link in the static CRT by passing RTLIBCFG=static . Typically you shouldn’t use that option, and nmake will default to the DLL CRT. RTLIBCFG is rarely used and therefore rarely tested. When passing RTLIBCFG for a configuration that was already built but not with that option, or if the option was specified differently, you must destroy the build directory containing the configuration so that nmake can build it from scratch.
This option is not recommended unless you have enough development experience to know how to match the runtime library for linking (that is, the CRT). If RTLIBCFG=static then release builds use /MT and debug builds use /MTd .
Building your own application with libcurl (Visual Studio example)
When you build curl and libcurl, nmake will show the relative path where the output directory is. The output directory is named from the options nmake used when building. You may also see temp directories of the same name but with suffixes -obj-curl and -obj-lib.
For example let’s say you’ve built curl.exe and libcurl.dll from the Visual Studio 2010 x64 Win64 Command Prompt:
The output directory will have a name similar to ..\builds\libcurl-vc10-x64-release-dll-ipv6-sspi-schannel .
The output directory contains subdirectories bin, lib and include. Those are the directories to set in your Visual Studio project. You can either copy the output directory to your project or leave it in place. Following the example, let’s assume you leave it in place and your curl top source directory is C:\curl-7.82.0 . You would set these options for configurations using the x64 platform:
For configurations using the x86 platform (aka Win32 platform) you would need to make a separate x86 build of libcurl.
If you build libcurl static ( mode=static ) or debug ( DEBUG=yes ) then the library name will vary and separate builds may be necessary for separate configurations of your project within the same platform. This is discussed in the next section.
Building your own application with a static libcurl
When building an application that uses the static libcurl library on Windows, you must define CURL_STATICLIB . Otherwise the linker will look for dynamic import symbols.
The static library name has an _a suffix in the basename and the debug library name has a _debug suffix in the basename. For example, libcurl_a_debug.lib is a static debug build of libcurl.
You may need a separate build of libcurl for each VC configuration combination (for example: Debug|Win32, Debug|x64, Release|Win32, Release|x64).
You must specify any additional dependencies needed by your build of static libcurl (for example: advapi32.lib;crypt32.lib;normaliz.lib;ws2_32.lib;wldap32.lib ).
Legacy Windows and SSL
When you build curl using the build files in this directory the default SSL backend will be Schannel (Windows SSPI), the native SSL library that comes with the Windows OS. Schannel in Windows <= XP is not able to connect to servers that no longer support the legacy handshakes and algorithms used by those versions. If you will be using curl in one of those earlier versions of Windows you should choose another SSL backend like OpenSSL.
Making a cURL call in C#
I want to make the following curl call in my C# console application:
I tried to do like the question posted here, but I cannot fill the properties properly.
I also tried to convert it to a regular HTTP request:
Can I convert a cURL call to an HTTP request? If so, how? If not, how can I make the above cURL call from my C# console application properly?
8 Answers 8
Well, you wouldn’t call cURL directly, rather, you’d use one of the following options:
/ HttpWebResponse (available from .NET 4.5 on)
I’d highly recommend using the HttpClient class, as it’s engineered to be much better (from a usability standpoint) than the former two.
In your case, you would do this:
Also note that the HttpClient class has much better support for handling different response types, and better support for asynchronous operations (and the cancellation of them) over the previously mentioned options.
Below is a working example code.
Please note you need to add a reference to Newtonsoft.Json.Linq
Late response but this is what I ended up doing. If you want to run your curl commands very similarly as you run them on linux and you have windows 10 or latter do this:
Using Libcurl in C/C++ Application
Client URL, or just curl, is a command-line tool for transferring data using various network protocols. It is commonly used by developers to test various applications build on top of HTTP.
That said, curl itself is just a wrapper around libcurl. The library is written in C and has well documented API. In this post, I will demonstrate how you can use libcurl in order to make HTTP requests from your C/C++ applications.
Before we begin, make sure you have C compiler installed. I will be using gcc. Other compilers will work too, but you will have to modify the provided Makefile. You will also need to have curl and libcurl installed. On Linux and OSX, if you can use curl command in your CLI you should be good to go.
Let’s start by creating a simple Makefile:
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Now, moving to the application. It is a simple CLI tool that takes an URL as an argument, makes HTTP Get request, and prints the response.
How To Set-Up libcurl on Visual Studio 2019
Even though a Windows lover, I should say that working with C++ projects in the Windows environment is not always a pleasant experience. This is mostly due to the challenge of setting up the environment. And sometimes, it is fairly a daunting task. Once everything is set-up, everything becomes smooth and life becomes a lot beautiful. But up until that point, it is one of the worst nightmares driving programmers crazy.
Recently, I tried to work with the libcurl library on my Windows machine and with no surprise, got hit with numerous errors mostly from the linker.
After investing an appropriate amount of time, I got it to work. So I thought it would be helpful for others to share the steps I followed to get the libcurl to work on my Windows machine without any of that payment in time.
Launching Visual Studio Developer Powershell
The build process requires the Visual Studio Developer Command Prompt or Developer Powershell.
They can be found under Tools -> Command Line on the Visual Studio 2019 Menubar.
I used Powershell and it worked fine. Command Prompt should also work.
Building libcurl from Source
First, download the latest source from the Github.
To generate the tool_hugehelp.c file, run the following command.
Otherwise, during the build, it will fail with the message —
Then, from the winbuild directory, start the build with the following commands.
The build will start. It will take several minutes to finish. Upon finishing, $
Setting-up Project Configuration
1. Create a new /Open an existing C++ project.
2. Open Project Properties.
3. Add $
4. Add $
5. Add CURL_STATICLIB to Configuration Properties -> C/C++ -> Preprocessor -> Preprocessor Definitions.
6. In Configuration Properties -> Linker -> Input -> Additional Dependencies, add these followings lines-